“Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic Agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to the benefit of the shared environment and promotes fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved.”
There are several important principles that characterize Organic Farming. They include.
- Biodiversity Conservation
- Integration of Eco Concepts
- Natural Plant Nutrition,
- Natural Pest Management
- Natural Compost Development
- • Protecting the long term fertility of soils by maintaining organic matter levels, encouraging biological soil activity.
- • Providing crop nutrients indirectly using relatively insoluble nutrient sources which are made available to the plant by the action of soil micro-organisms.
- • Nitrogen self-sufficiency through the use of legumes and biological nitrogen fixation, as well as effective recycling of organic materials including crop residues and livestock manures.
- • Management of crop rotation and mixed cropping
- • Composting and using of manure in nutrient management
- • Biological plant protection